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Mechanical engineering – an industrial driver

The mechanical and plant engineering sector makes a major contribution to maintaining and expanding the competitiveness and efficiency of its customers and of North Rhine-Westphalia as an industrial location overall. It provides impetus and at the same time is an enabler for many other branches of industry. It plays a key role in driving forward the digitalization of user industries. In this way, the companies in the sector are a decisive pioneer for constant progress – especially when it comes to social issues. The focus is particularly on the conservation and efficient use of resources and energy, climate protection, nutrition and environmentally compatible mobility.

With around 200,000 employees in around 1,600 companies, mechanical engineering in North Rhine-Westphalia is the largest industrial employer in the state and generated sales of 42.9 billion euros in 2021. The typical SME structure of the sector stands for a culture of independence and is emblematic of independent, free and creative entrepreneurship in Germany. Around 70 percent of North Rhine-Westphalian companies employ fewer than 100 people, and 90 percent fewer than 250. North Rhine-Westphalia is home to major world-class industrial companies as well as dozens of smaller “hidden champions” that are leaders in their fields of business.

NRW mechanical engineering sets standards worldwide

Every fifth German machine is produced in North Rhine-Westphalia, with drive technology and fittings among the specialist sectors with the largest production values. North Rhine-Westphalia’s share of German production of metallurgical and rolling mill equipment, foundry machinery, woodworking machinery and fittings is particularly strong.

The global leadership position, for example in drive technology, coupled with the many years of experience and inventive spirit, make North Rhine-Westphalia attractive for new settlements and investments in mechanical engineering. It is not only German companies that choose North Rhine-Westphalia as the No. 1 location for their global operations as an innovative federal state. Numerous international companies, especially from Japan and China, are also investing in North Rhine-Westphalia to take advantage of its strengths and qualities.

Export industry mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering continues to be successful on the world markets. Mechanical engineering is the most export-intensive sector in North Rhine-Westphalia. Around 70 percent of the machinery and equipment produced here is exported. In 2022, companies exported machinery and equipment worth €32.4 billion, which was higher than in 2021 (€30.4 billion).

Traditionally, deliveries to the European market are in first place when it comes to exports, accounting for 55 percent of total machinery exports from North Rhine-Westphalia; this is followed by the regions of Asia with over 24 percent and America with 17 percent. The most important sales market for North Rhine-Westphalia’s mechanical engineering sector in 2022 was the U.S. market. Exports there amounted to 3.8 billion euros (+14 percent). Exports to the People’s Republic of China decreased by 5 percent last year and amounted to 3.3 billion euros in 2022. France followed in third to sixth place with 1.8 billion euros (+8 percent), the Netherlands with 1.4 billion euros (+2 percent) and Poland with 1.4 billion euros (+2 percent) and Austria with 1.2 billion euros (+6 percent).

There were striking developments in machinery exports to India. At 1.0 billion, India occupies tenth place among the top ten exporting countries for machinery from NRW, making it into this top ten ranking for the first time since 2011. Exports to Turkey also increased to 1.2 billion in 2022 (2021: 1.1 billion).